Home Fire Safety
94% of U.S homes have smoke alarm's but up to
1/3 of the alarm's are not functioning properly
80% of all fires happen at Home and most fire
injuries and deaths occur between 8pm-8am
Children and Senior Citizens are the most
vulnerable to injuries and deaths due to home Fires.
- Place smoke alarms next to bedrooms, replace batteries once a year. If a smoke alarm activates with no presence of smoke, check the battery or clear the opening where the smoke enters for any possible build up of spider webs, insects or dust. A pressurized can of air spray works best.
- Never place a smoke alarm in the kitchen or just outside a bathroom, the steam from the hot water can actually set off the smoke alarm.
- Practice exit drills in the home ( E.D.I.T.H) and have a meeting place in front and away from your home. You only have about two minutes to get out !!!!!
- Call 911 only after all have safely evacuated. Give the exact Street location. For any type of emergency assure that someone will be by the street side to flag down responding units.
- Preferably sleep with doors closed. In the event of a fire - touch the door and handle feeling for the heat of a fire, if hot proceed to exit through a window.
- If the location of your bedroom is on a second floor or higher - Remain Calm, keep the door closed, seal the bottom of the door with clothes or blankets. Open the window, turn the light on and attempt to get someone's attention. Call 911 giving the 911 operator your exact location and wait for firefighters to arrive. Encapsulate yourself in the safety of your room. Once the Fire Department arrives you are their Number One priority.
- When evacuating an area with smoke: Stay Low and GO ! Because-
You can Breathe better, You can See better and it's not as Hot . For every
ONE foot elevation in a fire, easily raises the temperature approximately
100 degrees !!! A typical house fire can easily exceed temperatures of
1100 degrees. Smoke inhalation is the number one killer in a fire !!!
- If your clothes catch on fire -
- Stop, Drop and Roll, while covering your face. Do not run.
Major causes of Home fires:
1. Unattended Cooking- Unattended / grease fires - NEVER use water to extinguish a grease fire, instead - 1. Use a lid to smother it, do not lift the lid too soon
and never move a burning pan 2. Apply baking soda 3. use a Fire Extinguisher.
2. Heating Equipment - Keep all combustibles at least 3 feet away from a heat source. Never use gasoline powered equipment inside to heat a home. Never plug in a space heater into a power strip or an extension cord ( It can overload and cause an electrical fire ). Space heaters should be plugged directly into the wall electrical socket.
3. Smoking- Properly discard all smoking materials, use designated areas for smoking. Smoking is the leading cause of fire deaths in the U.S. !!!
4. Electrical Equipment- Do not overload electrical outlets, use power strips or surge protectors, limit the use of TEMPORARY extension cords. Safely attempt to unplug any electric equipment that is on fire. Never plug in a power strip into a second power strip. Never use water to extinguish an electrical fire.
5. Candles - Never leave candles unattended, keep away from all combustibles such as curtains, paper, wood, including small children and pets.
Assure when you leave your home that you turn out the candle(s).
6. Children playing with fire
7. Clothes dryers
8. Holiday decorations
9. Flammable liquids
10. Fireplaces and barbecue grills
Using one is as easy as ABC
- Know when to " fight or get out of sight "
- Do not attempt to extinguish a fire larger
than an average desk in size.
- Typical 2.5 lb - 5 lb. ABC fire extinguisher has an approximate
discharge time of only 15-25 seconds before it is depleted.
- Replace plastic neck fire extinguishers and smoke
alarms every 10 years. ( Date of manufacture is listed ).
- Metal neck fire extinguishers can be recharged
- Fire extinguishers with plastic necks cannot be recharged
once you use them - lose them! One time use only.
- Assure that the powder in the fire extinguisher does not settle
to the bottom (gravity) by stirring it as often as possible.
To use, simply - First - Secure the Scene
Keep 8-10 ft away from the fire
Classes of Fires
P ULL the pin (don't squeeze the handle)
A IM it at the base of the fire
S QUEEZE the Handle (disbursing the powder)
S WEEP from side to side - slowly moving in
A - Paper,wood,rubber
B - Gasoline, oils, grease
C - Electrical equipment